After your doctor diagnoses you are in stage zero breast cancer, you have several questions like what does that mean? Is it really Breast cancer? The truth is that doctors are not quite sure either, but some experts consider it the “first stage of breast cancer”, while others say it is some kind of prevention or pre-cancer.
“Cancer” is defined as a group of diseases with abnormal cells that multiply multiply, and these cells are also capable of invading nearby tissues. Stage zero breast cancer precedes the invasion, although it may occur later and is less advanced than the first stage of cancer.
There are two types of stage zero breast cancer:
The first is Noninvasive Paget’s disease, a rare form of breast cancer that affects the nipple.
The second is “Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)” which means most people when they talk about breast cancer at zero. Abnormal cells are present in the milk ducts but do not affect the fat tissue that makes up most of the breast. There is no apparent reason for their appearance, and most people do not experience any symptoms, despite the observation of lumps or bloody discharge from the nipple. These cells may spread or not, there is no way to predict that this will happen.
Should this be addressed?
If you are diagnosed with the second type of breast cancer, the medical report will be graded. Grade 3 is the most likely to spread, and grade 1 is the least likely. A test should also be made to see if the cancer cells are estrogen receptors (your doctor may call this ER positive or ER +). If this happens, this is a sign that the cancer may progress slowly.
But at the same time, the doctor suggests a genetic test capable of detecting changes in genes that increase the risk of breast cancer.
What happens next depends on all of these factors, as well as the patient’s personal decision. Most experts agree that treatment is required. Although stage-zero cancer does not invade cells, there is a possibility that this will change. Most doctors say it is better to be safe than to regret later.
There are three main treatment options of zero breast cancer
- Tumor excision only, a surgery that removes abnormal cells and a little normal tissue near them.
- Tumor resection and radiotherapy.
- Mastectomy, a surgery that removes the entire breast.
Should we wait and watch?
Some experts believe that “waiting and monitoring” is also a valid option. About one-third of women with type II “breast cancer” invade their nearby cancerous cells. In this case, the doctor suggests skipping immediate treatment and careful monitoring of any developments.
It’s controversial, If you have surgery (and possibly radiotherapy) right away, you can protect yourself from cancer outbreaks or end up with unnecessary painful procedures.
But if you decide not to undergo surgery and radiotherapy at first and choose to test yourself frequently, there is a possibility that you will end up with more advanced cancer at a time when doctors find it and treatment is more difficult. The method of treatment is a personal choice that you should make with your doctor.